European Journal of Ultrasound
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European Journal of Ultrasound 4-2020

Artificial Intelligence: What is it and how can it expand the ultrasound potential in the future?

Vito Cantisani et al.
 
During the past century, our ability to perform complex calculations massively increased, due to the availability of powerful processors, and diffuse, ubiquitious presence of personal computers for home and professional applications. Many physicians are worried by the application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in medicine, envisioning an Asimov science-fiction scenario. But is this real? What the AI use in medicine and, particularly, ultrasonography actually entails?

Grayscale ultrasound radiomic features and shear-wave elastography radiomic features in benign and malignant breast masses

Ji Hyun Youk et al.

Radiological imaging is essential for the management of breast cancer, from diagnosis, staging, and treatment planning to postoperative surveillance and response evaluation. Among the various breast imaging modalities, ultrasonography is currently invaluable in the diagnosis of breast cancer as a first-line examination or an adjunct to mammography. Although breast ultrasonography is highly accurate in differentiating between benign and malignant masses, their morphologic features can overlap and some masses undergo followup or unnecessary biopsy. Elastography, an imaging modality to estimate tissue stiffness by measuring the degree of distortion under the application of external pressure, is being increasingly used to improve diagnostic confidence in breast ultrasonography.

Use of ultrasound in the diagnostic work-up of adult intussusception – A multicenter retrospective analysis

Christoph Klinger et al.

This multicenter study includes 26 consecutive patients diagnosed with AI between January 2010 and November 2017. A retrospective chart analysis was conducted with a focus on abdominal US findings and diagnostic accuracy of different imaging modalities (ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging). If available, surgical and pathological findings served as the gold standard (76.9 %). US examiners certified according to DEGUM grade 2 or 3 were classified as experts. Otherwise, they were regarded to have basic skills.