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Current Issue – October 2017
Continuing Medical Education
Sebastian Harth, Christopher Behrens, Fritz Christian Roller, Gerhard Ferdinand Peter Alzen, Gabriele Anja Krombach
Most breast conditions in children and adolescents are benign. Breast malignancies in pediatric patients are exceedingly rare. Yet, variability in breast development is common. In pediatric patients a variety of diseases of the breast can be encountered, including disorders of growth, infections and masses. The purpose of this study was to analyze referral indications, imaging findings and diagnoses in breast sonography in a division of pediatric radiology.
Kai Bürkel, Ursula Krämer, Mareike Möllers, Maria Karina Falkenberg, Walter Klockenbusch, Ralf Schmitz
New 3 D technologies like xMatrix probes promise superiority over conventional mechanical probes and may allow a more detailed and time-saving prenatal diagnosis. In a comparison study the authors evaluate fetal ears. The aim of the study was to compare the following aspects of both techniques: ultrasound detail resolution, raw data acquisition time (AT) and influence of covariates.
Alessandro Cucchetti, Matteo Cescon, Antonio Colecchia, Flavia Neri, Alberta Cappelli, Matteo Ravaioli, Federico Mazzotti, Giorgio Ercolani, Davide Festi, Antonio Daniele Pinna
Inhomogeneity of arterial wall thickness may be indicative of distal plaques. This study investigates the intra-subject association between relative spatial intima-media thickness (IMT) inhomogeneity of the common carotid artery (CCA) and the degree of stenosis of plaques in the internal carotid artery (ICA).
Lung Ultrasound Score (LUSS) is a useful tool for lung aeration assessment but presents two theoretical limitations. First, standard LUSS is based on longitudinal scan and detection of number/coalescence of B lines. In the longitudinal scan pleura visualization is limited by intercostal space width. Moreover, coalescence of B lines to define severe loss of aeration is not suitable for non-homogeneous lung pathologies where focal coalescence is possible. We therefore compared longitudinal vs. transversal scan and also cLUSS (standard coalescence-based LUSS) vs. qLUSS (quantitative LUSS based on % of involved pleura).
The objective of this study was to determine the timeline of the first appearance of an increased CT ratio of fetuses with hemoglobin (Hb) Bart's disease.